Basilicata, the instep of Italy’s boot, is best known for the stony town of Matera, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The region is mostly mountainous, save for two stretches of coastline on the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Gulf of Taranto.
Basilicata is also known as “Lucania,” a name that dates back to the 5th century BC when this area was part of Magna Graecia. Lucania stretched beyond the modern-day borders of Basilicata, all the way to Paestum and Calabria. But the name is still associated with the interior, mountainous land that makes up much of Basilicata.