Italian Cities and Regions

Before you plan your trip to Italy, take a moment to learn more about Italy’s cities and regions.

Italy’s Largest Cities and Map

The top 5 largest cities in Italy are, in order of population (2019 estimate):

  • Rome (pop. 2,837,332)
  • Milan (1,396,059)
  • Naples (962,589)
  • Turin (870,952)
  • Palermo (657,960)
  • Time between Turin and Milan: Circa 2 hours by car on the A4; around 1.5 hours by train
  • Time between Milan and Rome: Circa 3.5 hours by train and 6 hours by car
  • Time between Rome and Naples: Circa 2 hours by car and 1 hour by train

Most Popular Cities to Visit in Italy

  • Assisi. Site of the Basilica of Saint Francis.
  • Bologna. Culinary capital and regional capital of Emilia-Romagna. Home of the oldest university in Europe.
  • Florence. Jewel of the Italian Renaissance and capital of the region of Tuscany.
  • Genoa. Ancient harbor city.
  • Milan. Financial and fashion capital of Italy.
  • Naples. City in shadow of Mt. Vesuvius and birthplace of pizza.
  • Palermo. Capital of Sicily.
  • Pisa. Home of the Leaning Tower.
  • Rome. Italian capital known for its ancient ruins like the Colosseum and the Forum.
  • Siena. Tuscan city south of Florence, known for its medieval horse race.
  • Turin. Home of industry and former capital of the Kingdom of Italy.
  • Venice. The famous city of canals and former seat of the Venetian Republic.
St. Francis Basilica in Assisi

Assisi

Assisi, located in the region of Umbria, is a major place of pilgrimage. Here you will find the Basilica of St. Francis, named after Italy’s patron saint.

Street in Bologna

Bologna

Bologna is an elegant town in Emilia-Romagna known for its gastronomy, arcaded walkways, and the University of Bologna, the oldest university in Italy, which was founded in 1088.

Florence and its Cathedral

Florence

Florence (Firenze) is one of the most visited cities in Italy. It is known for its Renaissance art and architecture, which includes its cathedral and the Uffizi Galleries. Michelangelo’s David is located in Florence’s Accademia.

Piazza XX Settembre in Genoa

Genoa

Genoa, Genova in Italian, is a port city in Liguria. Among its highlights are UNESCO-listed palaces on the Via Garibaldi and its harborside aquarium.

Piazza del Duomo in Milan

Milan

Milan is Italy’s financial and fashion hub. Its Gothic cathedral is the second largest church on the Italian peninsula.

View of Naples and Mount Vesuvius

Naples

Naples (Napoli) is an ancient city built in the shadow of Mount Vesuvius. Its archeological museum, with treasures from nearby Pompeii, is popular with tourists. But it’s biggest draw is its food, particularly pizza.

Palermo

Palermo, Sicily’s capital, has long been a crossroads of many peoples, a fact that is reflected in its Arab-Norman churches and palaces. It is also a fantastic city for food.

Piazza dei Miracoli and the Leaning Tower in Pisa

Pisa

Pisa, home of the Leaning Tower, is popular as a day trip from Florence. But it’s also a city with a rich artistic patrimony and maritime tradition.

View of the Roman Forum and Colosseum

Rome

Rome, the Italian capital, is home to the Colosseum, the Forum, and hundreds of ruins, museums, and must-see churches. Vatican City, a city-state located within the confines of Rome, is where you will find Saint Peter’s Basilica, the Sistine Chapel, and the Pope.

Siena and the Piazza del Campo

Siena

Siena, located in Tuscany, is another day trip from Florence, though it merits a visit on its own because of its Duomo and medieval art and architecture. Its traditional horse race — the Palio, run twice during the summer — is a hugely popular event.

View of Turin and the Mole Antonelliana

Turin

Turin (Torino) is Italy’s fourth-largest city and is known for the famous “Shroud,” which is rarely on display. But Turin has much more to offer, including its Savoy palace, Egyptian museum, and the distinctive Mole Antonelliana, from which you can see views of the city and surrounding mountains.

Gondolas on the Grand Canal in Venice

Venice

Venice is famous for its canals, which help give the water-borne city an otherworldly feel. In addition to its traditional sights, like Saint Mark’s Square, the Doge’s Palace, and the Bridge of Sighs, Venice is known for the Biennale contemporary arts festival.

Regions in Italy and Map

Italy is made up of 20 regions, which are listed below in alphabetical order.

RegionCapital
AbruzzoL’Aquila
BasilicataPotenza
CalabriaCatanzaro
CampaniaNapoli [Naples]
Emilia RomagnaBologna
Friuli-Venezia GiuliaTrieste
LazioRoma [Rome]
LiguriaGenova [Genoa]
Lombardia [Lombardy]Milano [Milan]
(Le) Marche [The Marches]Ancona
MoliseCampobasso
PiemonteTorino [Turin]
Puglia [Apulia]Bari
Sardegna [Sardinia]Cagliari
Sicilia [Sicily]Palermo
Toscana [Tuscany]Firenze [Florence]
Trentino-Alto AdigeTrento
UmbriaPerugia
Valle d’AostaAosta
VenetoVenezia [Venice]

Other Countries On the Italian Peninsula

The Italian peninsula is home to not one…not two…but three countries: Italy, Vatican City, and San Marino.

Vatican City is located within Rome. It is the home of St. Peter’s Basilica and the Sistine Chapel.

San Marino is on the border of the regions of Emilia-Romagna and Le Marche.

Last Updated: April 9, 2021